Paro is situated in the Paro Valley of eastern Himalaya. It is situated at an altitude of 2,250 m above sea level. The place has many legends attached to it, the most popular one of them being the one associated with guru Rimpoche. Taktsang Lhakang or Tiger's Nest was established by Guru Rimpoche. Among the sightseeing options, Paro Dzong is well known. It is a fortress situated at a height of 7,000 feet and used to be one of the strategic locations of Bhutan in ancient times.
Thimphu is the capital of Bhutan, referred to as the land of the dragon. It is located on the Wang Chu River and has many places of historical importance. The official residence of the king is nearby the fortress. Like the rest of the country, there are various monasteries to explore in the region. Apart from that, the place has many hiking and walking trails. It has recently undergone some development and some new buildings have come up in the area, but they too have been built in the traditional style.
Phobjikha is a glacial valley on the western slopes of the Black Mountains. A short journey south off the main highway, the glacial Phobjika valley is worth a detour. The 17th century monastery, Gangtey Gompa, is dramatically situated at the head of the valley and is inhabited by the monks during the summer months. For ornithologists there is the opportunity to watch rare black-necked cranes which migrate from the high plains of the Tibetan plateau in winter to the milder climate of Phobjika.
Trongsa is one of Bhutan's most historic towns, and the first monastery was built here in 1543. Trongsa Dzong was constructed in 1644 and located on the top of an imposing hill, this dzong creates an impressive sight for miles around and described as a dragon flying over mountain peaks. Thruepang Palace was built by the second king and was the birth place of the third. Trongsa Tower is an attractive, modern museum in an historic tower.
Spacious and surrounded by tree covered mountains, the valley in which Jakar is located (Choekor Valley) is considered to be one of the most beautiful in all Bhutan, and it is commonly referred to as 'Little Switzerland'. The Jakar area is known as a bastion of Vajrayana Buddhism, especially the Nyingma tradition, and there are many monasteries and sacred sites located here. The cluster of villages below the dzong, which are collectively known as Jakar Town, have a population of around 5,000. Jakar itself is a bustling one-street town, with a goldsmith, tailors, several butchers, cafes, restaurants and handicraft stores, and it's well worth a wander.
The city of Punakha is the winter capital for Je Khenpo, the chief Abbot. Punakha is famous for offering good views of the Himalayas. There is also the Punakha Dzong to see in the region. The monastery was built by Zhabdrung Ngawang Namgyel. Punakha is placed at the junction of two rivers- Po Chu and Mo Chu. The city is also referred to as the market garden of the country since it has an abundance of fruits and vegetables, thanks to its temperate climate. Punakha is the lowest central valley of Bhutan and has played a significant part in Bhutanese history and culture. It is Punakha that several streams come together at the Sankosh River.